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Treasure on Trash Vortex

The Global Scene

Since 1987 the International Coastal Clean-up has made its mark for the past 2 decades. The data that they have gathered has shown an alarming increase of plastic disposable items that constitutes trash that has been lingering the Great Garbage Pacific Patch. The common cause of why trash has reached our oceans are not due to waste being discarded from ship or in wrecks in fact 80% of the waste that reaches our oceans comes from land due to improper disposal or dumping.

Here are a few items found in the Great Garbage Patch:

32% are cigarette butts

9% are plastic wrappers

8% are composed of plastic caps and lids

6% comes from disposable plates, spoons, forks, knives and cups

6% are from plastic bottles

Is it really a need to clean it up?

The pollution caused by plastics poses health issues to us human and contaminates the environment. Plastic could hoard bacteria that could kill marine life and humans as well. It is well documented that cholera lingers into the Great Pacific Patch.

Birds such as albatross and sea birds are confused when they see plastic nurdles or micro-plastics. They think that this is food thus filling their bellies with plastic waste. Usually these birds die from malnutrition cause the plastic that they ate gives the false pretense that they have satiated their hunger.

Plastic bottles and bag are visibly seen floating in the water. Other species may think that they are jellyfishes and cuttlefish. Common victims of this misconception are turtles and whales that mistake them for food. Ropes and fishing lines from ship trap and entangle wildlife killing them in the process.

With most plastics that goes through the process of photo degradation, wherein plastics are cut down into smaller pieces are called nurdles or micro-plastics. Since the process is in the ocean it takes a lot longer than the ones on land due to a much lower temperature.

Plastics can be reduced, re-used and recycled as well as be converted into oil. The process allows us to process plastic waste and produce alternative oil that could use as fuel to our generators and engines.

The Lifetime of Plastic- The Beginning of Renewable Oil

Did you know that we use about 5 trillion plastic bags each year? Why such consumption and how did it begin?

Let us delve into the beginning of plastics and how it could possibly end?

BEGINNING OF PLASTIC

The first plastic was introduced by Alexander Parkes in the year 1862. It was first exhibited in London where cellulose was heated and molded. The first plastic was made of organic materials. With the celluloids flexibility, they have used it to create photographic films and billiard balls. Aside from cellulose nitrate, the production of plastic soon adapted using formaldehyde resins as an alternative for electrical insulations. The resins where under the British patent 16,275 registered by Mr. Arthur Smith. As decades followed the formaldehyde resins improved and were converted into synthetic resins that become commercially known as Bakelite.

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             Gather plastic waste

Today the creations of plastics are deriving from crude oil that is drilled beneath the earth’s layers. Extreme heat is then applied where ethylene gas is produced, once this is achieved it will then be converted into polyethylene where it is formed through various process to create new materials such as plastic bags, cutleries, plates and cups.

Through our daily lives we utilize so much plastic from the moment we wake up until we sleep. Plastics are found basically everywhere, you might use them as feeding bottles for your little one, or plates for parties, or accessories whatever form they might be in the use is multiplied daily. Most of these plastics land on our side walks, drainages and water ways eventually drifted into the ocean. In fact the Northern Pacific Gyre possesses plastic waste twice the size of Texas State.

With so much plastic going around it consumes 85% of energy more than it produces in recycling facilities. At about 95% of plastic waste are discarded every year. There is a solution to this growing problem which is now being proposed in the global market today.

The conversion of plastic waste into oil through the process of applying extreme heat to plastic materials that serves as feed stock allows the material to melt. Liquefied plastic is then turned into gas wherein it is separated and bond with water to be reproduced as oil. The given figure of conversion through this innovative machine is 1kg of plastic is equivalent to 1 litter of oil. Fascinating isn’t it? To learn more of the conversion visit poly2petro.com

Energy Increase- Supply and Demand Augmented Renewable Energy Forms

It is expected that by the year 2030, the world’s energy production will increase by an alarming 60%. Along with the increase of supply and demand, the use of fossil fuel will increase as well but what about our renewable energy supply? Can we still convert fossil fuel consumption to renewable energy so we could reduce the hazardous impact towards our environment? With the critical statistic brought forth by excessive demands towards energy production it will also provide an equivalent amount of emissions towards the environment.

Our daily consumption of electricity reaches about 85% with televisions on standby mode alone. Imagine how much energy we could save if we unplug our appliances when we are not using them? What about the use of aluminum cans? Can they be recycled and turned into renewable energy.

In fact they do and could be a heat source is one of the valuable aspects of re-using and converting plastics into cleaner energy. Did you know that converted aluminum cans could run a television for 3 hours? If these cans are properly being recycled and processed as alternative energy source aluminum cans can save up to 95% of power produced from fossil fuel. The more energy that we save the less emissions are being dispersed into the environment.

Energy efficient machinery and appliances are also available in the market today. These are investments towards less energy consumption as well as saving your money from high utility bills. For every new appliance you purchase, you save about 2 1/3 of electricity. Imagine cutting that off from your electricity bill every month. There is numerous ways to simply lessen the consumption of electricity generated by fossil fuel. Alternative power from renewable means such as solar panels, wind power and plastic to energy conversion will allow you to an energy efficient consumption of electricity.

A new generation provides us with innovative means to address the growing demand for energy consumption and to lessen the hazardous impact towards our climate. We can make a difference if we want to the choice is up to us. The more that we move forward and use renewable energy alternative the more we could help our environment to fight climate change.

WHAT YOU THROW GOES BACK TO YOU

In the beginning God created heaven and earth. When he saw that it was lifeless and empty and darkness took over every nook and cranny he demanded for light. As He created night and day, he also thought of separating our waters, land and sky. As things were getting better for the planet he added vegetation, creatures and mankind.

The evolution of man and the planet of how it came to be is depicted by many through the verses of the bible where things where simple and full of vibrance. Now there is very little of these things that are continuously being neglected by the majority of the populace. Throughout the centuries man has worshipped nature where it is well taken care of and nurtured by the people for they believe that what you endow the environment will provide you a bountiful gift. Well this is true, for some time, as Mother Nature flourished; it has given not only man but other species as well the things that they need in order to survive.

Man’s hunger for innovation has led them to depleting what beauty and simplicity our planet has. Man introduces all sorts of materials throughout the years of progress that has affected our resources gravely. Oil spills and plastics that are floating in our seas became the major cause of death and pollution that affect the biodiversity of our planet.

Despite renewable technologies and plants that converts plastic into oil more and more companies are opting for fossil fuel as their source of energy. The more waste we produce the more resources we require; it is easy to imagine what our planet would be like in a decade’s time. What would you do if you run out of clean water to drink? What would you do if the produce of our seas, lakes and rivers do no longer exist? What do you think would happen if the planet no longer has oxygen that is one of the major necessities in life?

These are just a few of the question that lingers in my mind when I see someone carelessly discarding trash. Do you want our future generation to appreciate the planets condition as of now or would you like them to see the beauty it endowed when we were younger. The change must start in each and every one of us. Now what should you do?